Increase your knowledge with this eclectic collection of science-focused snippets, articles, video summaries and papers aimed at keeping you in the picture!
Dr. Tara Edwards, a veterinary pain practitioner through the International Veterinary Academy of Pain Management, reviews the American Animal Hospital Association’s most recent Pain Management Guidelines for Dogs and Cats. She summarizes updates from the 2015 guidelines and discusses behavioural signs and changes that can help with pain recognition. She provides examples of validated Clinical Metrology Instruments used for screening, diagnosing and monitoring pain over time. She reviews flow...
Dr. Charlie Pye, a board-certified veterinary dermatologist currently practicing at the Atlantic Veterinary College in Prince Edward Island, shares best practices in treatment and management of otitis externa. She provides an overview of primary, secondary, predisposing and perpetuating factors involved in otitis development. She reviews appropriate treatment options based on cytology findings. She also provides answers to common questions, such as when to perform a deep ear flush or a...
A study evaluates the chances of surviving to discharge in cats with uroabdomen. Uroabdomen in cats can occur secondary to vehicular trauma, other blunt trauma, and urinary tract obstruction. It can also be iatrogenic (cystocentesis or rupture during palpation), or due to other less common scenarios. The most common source of urine within the abdomen is secondary to bladder rupture, but urethral injuries can also be a cause. Due to the smaller diameter of the male urethra, leading to less...
Monitoring blood pressure in feline patients can be challenging in clinical practice. In this second video on feline hypertension, Dr. Kelly St. Denis shares her tips and tricks with Dr. Karren Prost. She provides practical guidance on how to reduce the risk of situational hypertension and false positive diagnoses, avoid stressors in the examination room and account for anti-anxiety medications in readings. Dr. St. Denis advises on how to incorporate blood pressure monitoring in busy clinical...
Many feline hypertensive patients remain undiagnosed and undertreated. Dr. Kelly St. Denis shares her blood pressure monitoring recommendations with Dr. Karren Prost, to help identify these patients and prevent irreversible target organ damage. Dr. St. Denis reviews areas of target organ damage associated with hypertension and predisposing conditions and medications. She also highlights common clinical situations that warrant blood pressure monitoring, and discusses the optimal frequency of...
A study evaluates the efficacy of diphenhydramine and cetirizine in canine allergic skin disease. Antihistamines are often utilized as an aid in the management of pruritus secondary to allergic skin disease in dogs. Historically, diphenhydramine (DPH) has commonly been prescribed for this purpose. DPH has also been utilized to attempt to minimize mast cell degranulation during surgical removal of cutaneous mast cell tumours. Hydroxyzine and cetirizine are other antihistamines that have been...
As co-author of the 2022 ISFM Consensus Guidelines on the Management of Acute Pain in Cats, Dr. Paulo Steagall summarizes the highlights of this recent publication on the assessment and treatment of acute pain in cats. He presents useful tools and treatment options. He also identifies confounding factors that may affect some case assessments as well as unusual behaviours to recognize in a cat that is feeling in pain. He concludes with a list of things to consider when building an acute pain...
In this video, Dr. Adronie Verbrugghe shares her passion for pet nutrition as she reviews the 2021 AAHA Nutrition and Weight Management Guidelines for dogs and cats. Based on these new guidelines, she discusses the importance of screening, nutritional history, and physical examination, among other steps to consider when assessing a pets’ condition and communicating nutritional recommendations to clients.
Are polysulfated glycosaminoglycans effective and safe to administer as an adjunct therapy in cases of pemphigus foliaceus?
A study evaluates the effectiveness and safety of polysulfated glycosaminoglycans as an adjunct therapy in pemphigus foliaceus. Pemphigus foliaceus (PF) is an immune-mediated disease caused by the immune system targeting desmocollin-1, an intracellular adhesion molecule. The lack of proper intracellular adhesion leads to the formation of fragile pustules and eventual acantholysis, as well as flaking and erosion of the affected skin. Treatment of the disease involves suppressing the immune...